Careers In Physics – Physics majors study important questions about our world and the universe. The discipline attracts many of the best, brightest, and often the most creative and innovative thinkers, some of whom have become global icons. But what do physicists actually do? They may work as university professors, researchers in government or private organizations, engineers, financial analysts, or in countless other professions.
12 Great Careers In Physics Ideas That You Can Share With Your Friends
Most Common Jobs for Physics Majors
Many physics majors become professors of their discipline. Becoming a college professor is a great option for physicists, as you can nurture and inspire the next generation of physicists while doing your research. To get a teaching job at the secondary level, you’ll need at least a master’s degree, but you’ll usually need a doctorate for a full-time teaching position.
Astronomers spend their days researching questions about the universe – stars, planets, and so on. Their basic function is to observe and analyze how the universe operates from an observatory or space station. Most astronomers are employed by universities and work as professors in addition to conducting their research, but many are also employed by the federal government in organizations such as NASA or the Department of Defense. Educational requirements vary depending on your employer. While a doctorate is usually required for teaching positions in academia, jobs in the federal government are available to those with a bachelor’s degree.
Special/Unique Jobs for Physics Majors/Careers In Physics
Nuclear engineers are experts in the field of nuclear science who use their expertise in various capacities to enhance our ability to harness nuclear energy. They often work in the development of technologies that involve nuclear power, which can be used in electricity generation or even in fields such as medicine, where nuclear technology is sometimes used to diagnose and treat disease. is used to. A bachelor’s degree in physics is usually not enough to find work in the field. Aspiring nuclear engineers need to demonstrate some sort of expertise in nuclear science, so it’s best to pursue a master’s degree or doctorate in nuclear engineering or another branch of nuclear science.
Aerospace engineers are scientists who spend their days developing various technologies for use in airplanes, spacecraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles. They use their knowledge of advanced physics, mathematics, and computer science to design, manufacture and test new aerospace technologies and ensure they meet regulatory guidelines. Typically, they specialize in aeronautical (aircraft) engineering or astronautical (spacecraft) engineering, and may be employed by private aerospace manufacturers or the federal government. Often a bachelor’s degree is sufficient to find an entry-level position in the field. Research and development positions may require a master’s or doctoral degree.
Ballistic specialists are forensic scientists who specialize in firearms and projectiles. Like most forensic scientists, they are typically employed by police departments, or state and federal crime laboratories, and assist in criminal investigations by examining evidence. In any crime involving firearms, ballistic specialists are required to collect evidence, analyze gunshot residues, analyze firearm evidence, identify bullet caliber and firearm type, develop crime scene maps and forensic reports. called upon to prepare. Often, forensic scientists will be called to court to testify as expert witnesses on laboratory evidence or techniques. Becoming a ballistics specialist usually only requires a bachelor’s degree in the natural sciences and experience as a forensic technician. Unlike most other forensic science specialists, ballistic specialists must be well versed in physics.
Physics majors interested in working in finance may consider pursuing a career as a quantitative analyst. Quantitative analysts, or “quantity”, as they are often referred to in the financial industry, specializing in financial securities. Quants, known in the financial world as rocket scientists, are commonly employed by hedge funds and investment banks and tasked with the highly challenging job of developing complex models and algorithms that help companies use math. Enables you to price and trade financial securities using your knowledge. , Science and Technology, Computer and Finance. Due to the high level of expertise required by job market conditions and the competitive nature, most questions lead to a doctoral degree in the quantitative field.
Patent agents work at the intersection of science and law. These professionals assist inventors in every aspect of the patent process. The work begins by learning about the invention and its specifications, and by researching similar inventions to ensure that they qualify for patents. Patent agents then guide their clients through the patent application process and usually complete and file patent applications. To become a patent agent, you need a bachelor’s degree in physics or engineering. You must also take and pass an exam to apply.
Other Possible Jobs for Physics Majors/Careers In Physics
Materials scientists use knowledge from various scientific fields to study the structure and properties of various natural and synthetic materials. Often, materials scientists are employed by companies that manufacture products made from metals, ceramics, rubber, polymers, or composites. Many professionals in this field will specialize in a particular type of material or production technology. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field, scientists of all stripes, including physicists, work as materials scientists. The educational requirements for entry into this field vary, and you will often find people of different levels of education working together. If you have experience, a bachelor’s degree may be enough in some circumstances to find a job. In general, however, employers are looking for individuals with at least a master’s degree.
High School Science Teacher
Becoming a teacher is one of the most rewarding jobs in the world and is a common path for all-natural science majors. As a teacher, you can communicate and hopefully pass on your love for science to the next generation. To become a high school teacher, you must graduate with a bachelor’s degree in the field you wish to teach while completing your school’s teacher preparation program. You will then need to complete a teaching internship in your subject, take and pass your state’s teaching licensure exam, and obtain your teaching license.
If you are interested in physics but do not want to work in a research capacity, you may consider working as a science journalist. A physics major can prepare you well for a career as a science journalist. Science journalists can write about all branches of science for newspapers, magazines, or websites. While there is no degree requirement to become a writer, a degree in physics can give you the knowledge you need to cover your topic accurately. You may also want to take classes in English and journalism to develop your writing skills.